Upon entering the Union, they retained all their original power and sovereignty..." (7) George Bancroft " Our Union in its foreign relations presents itself with all its states and territories as one and indivisible; a garment without a seam; BUT at home we are separate sovereign states of the union. "Prior to the adoption of the federal Constitution, states possessed unlimited and unrestricted sovereignty and retained the same ever afterward.The newsletter is published as part of my economic consulting services.This page is provided to assist people in their investigation of the issue of sovereign citizenship and other related topics such as the federal income tax and limited federal jurisdiction. A citizen of any one of the States of the Union, is held to be, and called a citizen of the United States, although technically and abstractly there is no such thing. The Court also defined the two types of legislative powers of Congress. THE BRUSHABER DECISION , the true meaning of the 16th Amendment The Lloyd Long Case (html) , victory over the I. But constant usage -arising from convenience, and perhaps necessity, and dating from the formation of the Confederacy - has given substantial existence to the idea which the term conveys. (5) "Both before and after the Fourteenth Amendment to the federal Constitution, it has not been necessary for a person to be a citizen of the United States in order to be a citizen of his state." Crosse v. (2) It may designate the territory over which the sovereignty of the United States extends OR (3) It may be the collective names of the states which are united under the Constitution. Slaughterhouse Cases , Supreme Court opinion; citizenship. (1) "By metaphysical refinement, in examining our form of government, it might be correctly said that there is no such thing as a citizen of the United States. (h)(3) Whenever it appears by suggestion of the parties or otherwise that the court lacks jurisdiction of the subject matter, the court shall dismiss the action. The term "United States" may be used in any ONE of the several senses: (1) It may be merely the name of a sovereign occupying the position analogous to that of other sovereigns in the family of nations.This page will provide clips from court opinions and other quotes from within the law which can help you understand your status in this country. To conceive a citizen of the United States who is not a citizen of some one of the states, is totally foreign to the idea, and inconsistent with the proper construction and common understanding of the expression as used in the constitution, which must be deduced from its various other provisions. (4) "We have in our political system a government of the United States and a government of each of the several states. Legislation in respect to the (2) definition and legislation in respect to (3) definition., Why you see tax protesters losing in Federal courts. The object then to be obtained, by the exercise of the power of naturalization, was to make citizens of the respective states." Ex parte Knowles, 5 Ca. Each one of these governments is distinct from the others, and each has citizens of its own who owe it allegiance, and whose rights, within its jurisdiction, it must protect. "In exercising its constitutional power to make all needful regulations respecting territory belonging to the United States, " (2) " Congress is not subject to the same constitutional limitations as when legislating for the United States." (3) (10) June 16th, 1909, President Taft's speech to Congress. It is now proposed to make up the deficit by the imposition of a general income tax, in the form and substance and almost exactly the same character as that which, in the case of Pollock v.
The erosion of public trust in government began in the 1960s.The share saying they could trust the federal government to do the right thing nearly always or most of the time reached an all-time high of 77% in 1964.Within a decade – a period that included the Vietnam War, civil unrest and the Watergate scandal – trust had fallen by more than half, to 36%.Durable goods orders and manufacturers shipments benchmarked sharply lower, as expected. in Economics, cum laude, from Dartmouth College in 1971, and was awarded a M. During his career as a consulting economist, John has worked with individuals as well as Fortune 500 companies. Williams, my friends call me “John.” For 30 years, I have been a private consulting economist and, out of necessity, had to become a specialist in government economic reporting.Covering benchmark revisions, retail sales, production and housing starts, the next Commentary follows in a day or so. One of my early clients was a large manufacturer of commercial airplanes, who had developed an econometric model for predicting revenue passenger miles.I realized the GNP numbers were faulty, corrected them for my client (official reporting was similarly revised a couple of years later) and the model worked again, at least for a while, until GNP methodological changes eventually made the underlying data worthless.